Artisanal and Small-scale diamond mining operations are informal, lacking health and safety measures or environmental considerations. They operate with little or no government oversight, and child labour and gender violence are not uncommon. Fair pricing is unknown. DDI works to professionalize artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) by integrating them into the formal economy, in ways that benefit miners and their communities, regional andnational economies, and the diamond and jewelry industry.

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By formalizing the artisanal diamond mining sector and professionalizing their operations, DDI works to ensure that miners improve their productivity and receive fair pay for their work. Professionalization involves increasing the knowledge and skills of miners in relation to diamonds and mining, including:

Maendeleo Diamond Standards (MDS)

MDS is an innovative certification system that enables an ethical production of diamonds by artisanal and small-scale mining operations, through the adoption of standards and best practices. The certification process for the Maendeleo Diamond Standards helps to formalize the artisanal and small-scale diamond mining sector, through better mining practices and professionalized operations.


  • Access to information (basic, technical, legal), resources and tools
  • Health and safety improvements – including first aid training and safety equipment
  • Smart mining techniques
  • First Aid Diamond valuation


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